Transport of particles, drops, and small organisms in density stratified fluids
Conf’luence Arezoo Ardekani
Assistant Professor - Purdue University, School of Mechanical Engineering
585 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907
Vendredi 10 juin à 14 h 00
Many aquatic environments are characterized by regions where water density varies over depth, often due to temperature or salinity gradients. These ‘pycnoclines’ are associated with intense biological activity and can affect carbon fluxes by slowing the descent of particles. Despite this, the fundamental fluid dynamics of settling and swimming in a stratified fluid have remained largely unexplored. I take first strides into this area by rationalizing the effects of stratification by conducting a broad, in-depth investigation on the fundamental hydrodynamics of small organisms, settling particles, and rising drops. These results demonstrate an unexpected effect of buoyancy, potentially affecting a broad range of abundant processes at pycnoclines in oceans and lakes.