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Thèse Damien Szubert

28 mai 2015

Physics and modelling of unsteady turbulent flows around aerodynamic and hydrodynamic structures at high Reynold number by numerical simulation

Thèse Damien Szubert

Lundi 29 juin à 14 h 30 Amphithéâtre Nougaro

Sous réserve d’autorisation de soutenance par les rapporteurs

Résumé :

This thesis aims at analysing the predictive capabilities of statistical URANS and hybrid RANS-LES methods to model complex flows at high Reynolds numbers and carrying out a physical analysis of the near-region turbulence and coherent structures. This study handles configurations included in the European research programmes ATAAC (Advanced Turbulent Simulation for Aerodynamics Application Challenges) and TFAST (Transition Location Effect on Shock Wave Boundary Layer Interaction).
First, the detached flow in a configuration of a tandem of cylinders, positionned behind one another, is investigated at Reynolds number 166000. A static case, corresponding to the layout of the support of a landing gear, is initially considered. The fluid-structure interaction is then studied in a dynamic case where the downstream cylinder, situated in the wake of the upstream one, is given one degree of freedom in translation in the crosswise direction. A parametric study of the structural parameters is carried out to identify the various regimes of interaction.
Secondly, the physics of the transonic buffet is studied by means of time-frequency analysis and proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), in the Mach number range 0.70-0.75. The interactions between the main shock wave, the alternately detached boundary layer and the vortices developing in the wake are analysed. A stochastic forcing, based on reinjection of synthetic turbulence in the transport equations of kinetic energy and dissipation rate by using POD reconstruction, has been introduced in the so-called organised-eddy simulation (OES) approach. This method introduces an upscale turbulence modelling, acting as an eddy-blocking mechanism able to capture thin shear-layer and turbulent\fshypnon-turbulent interfaces around the body. This method highly improves the aerodynamic forces prediction and opens new ensemble-averaged approaches able to model the coherent and random processes at high Reynolds number.
Finally, the shock-wave/boundary-layer interaction (SWBLI) is investigated in the case of an oblique shock wave at Mach number 1.7 in order to contribute to the so-called ‘’laminar wing design’’ studies at European level. The performance of statistical URANS and hybrid RANS-LES models is analysed with comparison, with experimental results, of integral boundary-layer values (displacement and momentum thicknesses) and wall quantities (friction coefficient). The influence of a transitional boundary layer on the SWBLI is featured.

Jury :

George BARAKOS Professeur à l’University of Liverpool

Flavien BILLARD Ingénieur chez Dassault Aviation

Marianna BRAZA Directrice de Recherche CNRS, IMFT, Toulouse

Alain DERVIEUX Directeur de Recherche, INRIA, Sophia Antipolis

Jean-Paul DUSSAUGE Directeur de Recherche CNRS, IUSTI, Marseille

Gilles HARRAN Maître de Conférence, INPT, Toulouse

Bruno KOOBUS Professeur à l’Université de Montpellier

Franck THIELE Professeur à Technische Universität Berlin


Loïc BOUDET Ingénieur à la DGA - Techniques hydrodynamiques

Julian HUNT Professeur à l’University College London